The study of the primordial Universe and gravitation laws

The arrival of the space era led to an impressive development of knowledge in the industry of cosmology, i.e. the study of the origin (and the destiny) of the Universe and the formation of the first structures. Born and developed in the optical band, including the use of the Hubble Space Telescope, this industry evolved towards the study of diffuse background radiation, in the microwave band, and large-scale structures evolving on cosmological times, for which observation is key in the infrared and millimetre ranges. Therefore, the observation of space has become critical to the development of knowledge in this industry. Thanks to space missions, the knowledge acquired in the last few years had a strong impact not only within the scientific community, but also on the public opinion, since they entail answers to the key questions on the origin and the end of the Universe.

‣ All the missions

Gaia

Gaia ‣

Gaia is a mission of the ESA scientific programme, aimed at obtaining a three-dimensional map of our galaxy by showing its composition, formation and evolution


LISA

LISA ‣

LISA (Laser Interferometer Space Antenna) is the ESA’s future mission aimed at detecting gravitational waves from space, which involves manufacturing, launching and operating a constellation of three satellites which are millions of kilometers away from each other

EUCLID

EUCLID ‣

Euclid was the second Medium-class (M2) mission of the ESA Scientific Programme and aims at improving the knowledge on dark matter and dark energy

LISA PATHFINDER

LISA PATHFINDER ‣

The LISA Pathfinder space mission is the technological forerunner of the gravitational waves space observatory planned by the ESA as the third large-scale mission of its Cosmic Vision scientific programme

PAMELA

PAMELA ‣

The PAMELA space mission is part of the RIM (Russian-Italian-Missions) programme and is an advanced observatory to study cosmic rays

HERSCHEL

HERSCHEL ‣

Herschel is an ESA 3.5 diameter telescope, operating in the far infrared and submillimetre range

PLANCK

PLANCK ‣

The Planck mission is the third Medium-Sized Mission (M3) of the ESA Horizon 2000 programme and aims at studying the cosmic microwave background

‣ News

FRIDAY 02 DECEMBER 2022

The islands of the Florida strait  ‣

This panel shows the island of Key West in Florida as acquired by PRISMA in December 2020 MORE...

TUESDAY 22 NOVEMBER 2022

ESA Ministerial Conference: Urso, agreement with France and Germany on the future of European launchers ‣

The Minister: this is how we build the European strategic autonomy MORE...

SATURDAY 19 NOVEMBER 2022

Artemis 1: ArgoMoon captured photos of the Earth and Moon ‣

NASA's Artemis 1 mission, carrying ArgoMoon, the satellite of the Italian Space Agency, developed and operated by Argotec, took off from NASA's Kennedy Space Centre on 16 November 2022 MORE...

FRIDAY 18 NOVEMBER 2022

PRISMA images the Grand Canyon ‣

A new picture by the ASI hyperspectral satellite MORE...

WEDNESDAY 16 NOVEMBER 2022

ARTEMIS 1 LIFTOFF! ‣

A leading role for our country, with the Italian space sector guided by the Italian Space Agency MORE...