Herschel is a cornerstone mission of the ESA scientific programme, which planned the put into orbit of a 3.5 diameter telescope operating in the far infrared and submillimetre range. Three instruments were mounted on the focal plane, with which it was possible to obtain broadband images and carry out high-resolution spectroscopic measurements: the PACS spectrometer, the SPIRE spectrometer and the HIFI detection system.   

The lift-off of Herschel happened in May 2009, along with the satellite Planck. After the launch, the two satellites separated to reach the L2 Lagrange point, 1.5 million km away from Earth, where they carried out the respective observation programmes

Herschel was the ESA first astronomic space observatory for astronomic observations in the submillimetre and far infrared range. The main goal was investigating the formation and evolution of galaxies in the Universe and observing the internal part of star formation regions.

The Italian involvement in the mission includes the manufacturing of the Digital Processing Units (DPUs) and the on-board software of the three instruments, the manufacturing of the optical part of the HIFI’s Wide Band Spectrometer, the laboratory calibration of PACS’ spectrometer, the participation in three Instrument Control Centers (ICCs) and in the preparation of the observation programme and data analysis procedures. The activities were coordinated by the INAF/IFSI in Rome.

‣ News

FRIDAY 08 OCTOBER 2021

Meeting of the Italian branch of CSES-Limadou satellite mission ‣

CSES-Limadou satellite mission is a collaboration between the Chinese and Italian Space Agencies also involving INFN, INAF, INGV, and CNR research Institutes as well as the Universities of Rome Tor Vergata, Turin and Trento MORE...

SATURDAY 02 OCTOBER 2021

PRISMA and the Eye of the Sahara ‣

The image has been taken by the satellite of the Italian Space Agency on May 10, 2021 MORE...

FRIDAY 01 OCTOBER 2021

DART Gets Its CubeSat Companion, Its Last Major Piece ‣

LICIACube has the important task of watching DART’s final maneuver a deliberate crash into an asteroid and its effects MORE...

FRIDAY 01 OCTOBER 2021

ERMINe annual event on: The changing World ‣

5 - 7 October 2021 MORE...

MONDAY 20 SEPTEMBER 2021

The Italian Space Agency opened the doors to the “G20 Space Economy Leaders Meeting” ‣

The meeting between the G20 space agencies and the international organizations was opened by the Minister of Technological Innovation and Digital Transition with mandate for space affairs, Vittorio Colao, and the ASI president, Giorgio Saccoccia MORE...