The FERMI mission (formerly GLAST) is part of the NASA programme on the study of the structure and evolution of the Universe and the DOE (USA) research programme on fundamental physics without accelerators. Furthermore, the mission is supported by physics and astrophysics programmes in several partner countries such as France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Sweden.

The FERMI observatory is made up of two instruments, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM), which will map the cosmos with an energy ranging from 10 keV to hundreds of GeV; so far, such high energy values were never reached. The LAT instrument is under the responsibility of the USA (P.I. Peter Michelson, University of Stanford), with the participation of Italy, France, Sweden and Japan.

GLAST’s scientific goals can be summarized in the following points: understanding the acceleration mechanism of particles in active galactic nuclei (AGN), pulsars and supernovae (SNR), which is key to solve the mystery of jet formation and the dynamics of shocks in supernova remnants; mapping the sky in the gamma-ray radiation component: unidentified sources and diffuse interstellar emission from the Milky Way; determining the high-energy behaviour of GRBs and other transient phenomena. Variability is the main characteristic of the gamma-ray sky; studying the nature of dark matter and researching possible decays of exotic particles in the primordial Universe and WIMPS annihilation processes in the halo of the Milky Way.

The important Italian contribution, which falls under the responsibility of the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) is related to the design and manufacture of the LAT tracker (funded also by the ASI), the management, distribution and analysis of the mission data through the ASI SSDC centre and its use by the Italian community (coordinated also by the INAF) which, traditionally, is one of the most active communities in the field of high-energy astrophysics.

‣ News

WEDNESDAY 20 OCTOBER 2021

PRISMA eyes on Cumbre Vieja ‣

Canaries eruption: PRISMA is monitoring the new lava front MORE...

FRIDAY 08 OCTOBER 2021

Meeting of the Italian branch of CSES-Limadou satellite mission ‣

CSES-Limadou satellite mission is a collaboration between the Chinese and Italian Space Agencies also involving INFN, INAF, INGV, and CNR research Institutes as well as the Universities of Rome Tor Vergata, Turin and Trento MORE...

SATURDAY 02 OCTOBER 2021

PRISMA and the Eye of the Sahara ‣

The image has been taken by the satellite of the Italian Space Agency on May 10, 2021 MORE...

FRIDAY 01 OCTOBER 2021

DART Gets Its CubeSat Companion, Its Last Major Piece ‣

LICIACube has the important task of watching DART’s final maneuver a deliberate crash into an asteroid and its effects MORE...

FRIDAY 01 OCTOBER 2021

ERMINe annual event on: The changing World ‣

5 - 7 October 2021 MORE...