The FERMI mission (formerly GLAST) is part of the NASA programme on the study of the structure and evolution of the Universe and the DOE (USA) research programme on fundamental physics without accelerators. Furthermore, the mission is supported by physics and astrophysics programmes in several partner countries such as France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Sweden.

The FERMI observatory is made up of two instruments, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM), which will map the cosmos with an energy ranging from 10 keV to hundreds of GeV; so far, such high energy values were never reached. The LAT instrument is under the responsibility of the USA (P.I. Peter Michelson, University of Stanford), with the participation of Italy, France, Sweden and Japan.

GLAST’s scientific goals can be summarized in the following points: understanding the acceleration mechanism of particles in active galactic nuclei (AGN), pulsars and supernovae (SNR), which is key to solve the mystery of jet formation and the dynamics of shocks in supernova remnants; mapping the sky in the gamma-ray radiation component: unidentified sources and diffuse interstellar emission from the Milky Way; determining the high-energy behaviour of GRBs and other transient phenomena. Variability is the main characteristic of the gamma-ray sky; studying the nature of dark matter and researching possible decays of exotic particles in the primordial Universe and WIMPS annihilation processes in the halo of the Milky Way.

The important Italian contribution, which falls under the responsibility of the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) is related to the design and manufacture of the LAT tracker (funded also by the ASI), the management, distribution and analysis of the mission data through the ASI SSDC centre and its use by the Italian community (coordinated also by the INAF) which, traditionally, is one of the most active communities in the field of high-energy astrophysics.

‣ News

WEDNESDAY 24 JUNE 2020

PLATiNO Programme: signed the long term agreement ‣

In the presence of Hon. Riccardo Fraccaro, Undersecretary of State at the Presidency of the Italian Council of Ministers,  of Giorgio Saccoccia,  President of Italian Space Agency (ASI), and of Vito Pertosa, founder of Angel Group , the companies Sitael, Thales Alenia Space Italia, Leonardo and Airbus signed the long-term agreement for the commercialization and industrialization of PLATiNO Programme. MORE...

TUESDAY 23 JUNE 2020

ALBERTO TUOZZI IS THE NEW INTERIM PRESIDENT OF THE GSA ‣

Alberto Tuozzi will hold the interim presidency of the GSA (European GSS Agency), the European Union Agency for the satellite navigation programmes, which is responsible for managing the Galileo and EGNOS navigation systems. MORE...

WEDNESDAY 20 MAY 2020

The Prisma Mission opens to the community ‣

Now that the commissioning phase and the calibration/validation activities have been completed PRISMA is finally ready to open the mission exploitation by the user community. MORE...

THURSDAY 30 APRIL 2020

The Earth’s tides move the continents ‣

Astronomical forces such as solid Earth’s tides play an active role on plate tectonics: this is the results of a research conducted by the Sapienza University of Rome, the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV). MORE...