The FERMI mission (formerly GLAST) is part of the NASA programme on the study of the structure and evolution of the Universe and the DOE (USA) research programme on fundamental physics without accelerators. Furthermore, the mission is supported by physics and astrophysics programmes in several partner countries such as France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Sweden.

The FERMI observatory is made up of two instruments, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM), which will map the cosmos with an energy ranging from 10 keV to hundreds of GeV; so far, such high energy values were never reached. The LAT instrument is under the responsibility of the USA (P.I. Peter Michelson, University of Stanford), with the participation of Italy, France, Sweden and Japan.

GLAST’s scientific goals can be summarized in the following points: understanding the acceleration mechanism of particles in active galactic nuclei (AGN), pulsars and supernovae (SNR), which is key to solve the mystery of jet formation and the dynamics of shocks in supernova remnants; mapping the sky in the gamma-ray radiation component: unidentified sources and diffuse interstellar emission from the Milky Way; determining the high-energy behaviour of GRBs and other transient phenomena. Variability is the main characteristic of the gamma-ray sky; studying the nature of dark matter and researching possible decays of exotic particles in the primordial Universe and WIMPS annihilation processes in the halo of the Milky Way.

The important Italian contribution, which falls under the responsibility of the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) is related to the design and manufacture of the LAT tracker (funded also by the ASI), the management, distribution and analysis of the mission data through the ASI SSDC centre and its use by the Italian community (coordinated also by the INAF) which, traditionally, is one of the most active communities in the field of high-energy astrophysics.

‣ News

THURSDAY 22 JULY 2021

PRISMA monitors OREGON Log fire ‣

The Log fire is a mega-fire that started on 12 July 2021 in Oregon, US at 14:19 GMT +1 (source FIRMS US/Canada) MORE...

MONDAY 19 JULY 2021

ASI at the EUSPACE Summer School ‣

New Space Economy & Innovation: paving the way for a sustainable future MORE...

MONDAY 31 MAY 2021

PRISMA image for RS training SIOS ‣

This image was acquired by PRISMA's hyperspectral satellite sensor in July 2020 MORE...

THURSDAY 13 MAY 2021

EXPO 2020 DUBAI: THE MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE ITALIAN PAVILION AND THE ITALIAN SPACE AGENCY HAS BEEN PRESENTED ‣

The Memorandum of Understanding between the Italian Pavillon and the Italian Space Agency has been presented MORE...