Small Earth observation mission
PRISMA (Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission) is an Earth Observation system with innovative, electro-optical instrumentation that combine a hyperspectral sensor with a medium-resolution panchromatic camera.
The advantages of this combination are that in addition to the usual capability of observation based on recognising the geometric characteristics of the scene there are hyperspectral sensors which determine the chemical-physical composition of the objects present on the scene.
This offers the scientific community and users many applications in the field of environmental monitoring, resource management, crop classification, pollution control and other things. In addition, there may be other applications in the field of National Security.
PRISMA takes advantage of previous investments made by ASI in the field of "small missions" (for example, AGILE), hyperspectral payloads (for example, Hypseo, JHM), satellite platforms (MITA/PRIMA) and receiving and remote sensing data processing centres (COSMO-SkyMed and CNM) that have given the opportunity to national industries to acquire competences and develop/consolidate vitally important products.