ASI - Agenzia Spaziale Italiana - Mission and Projects ASI - Agenzia Spaziale Italiana - Mission and Projects

Motor and Cardiorespiratory Control Disturbances Project (DCMC)

Coordination: Università di Roma Tor Vergata (University of Rome-Tor Vergata)

Resources:

  • 65 research institutes (Universities, CNR, ISS, IRCCS, ASL)
  • 6 Industries
  • 308 researchers

The objective is to improve the quality of life of people with neuromotor and cardiorespiratory disabilities, from space research, as well as to develop innovative countermeasures for the health of astronauts in μg. The objective of the programme is to significantly improve the level of scientific knowledge on the physiopathology of CMCR disturbances, develop new methods and techniques for diagnosis and new medical-surgical therapy instruments. The link between space research and biomedicine has long-reaching roots, but extremely important implications stem from the most recent developments in neuroscience and cardiorespiratory sciences. The list of spin-offs in space research for patients with neuromotor disabilities is broad but for all of them we can mention the Programmable Remapper for people with visual impairment, acoustic and haptic prostheses, telemetric monitoring of electro-motor activities systems, piloting systems (UniStick) for making the wheelchairs of the disabled more efficient.


The expected spin-offs of this project are instead connected to the knowledge recently acquired on the interrelations between CMCR disturbances and those which astronauts in μg are subject to. For example, problems of orientation, visual-motor coordination, timing of movements, alterations in gravity-centre reference, and disturbances of the circadian rhythms are often present in astronauts that are very similar to the most common syndromes of patients on Earth.